Published: Thu, October 04, 2018
World News | By Sandy Lane

USA terminates 1955 'Treaty of Amity' with Iran

USA terminates 1955 'Treaty of Amity' with Iran

The United Nations' top court, the International Court of Justice (ICJ), says anything that has an impact on humanitarian aid and civil aviation safety must be suspended.

The UN's highest court handed Iran a legal victory over the U.S. on Wednesday when it ordered the White House to roll back some of Donald Trump's sanctions on Tehran.

The court unanimously said that the USA must remove trade sanctions on medicines and medical devices, foodstuffs and agricultural commodities, spare part and equipments necessary for the safety of civil aviation.

Trump moved to restore tough USA sanctions in May after withdrawing from Tehran's nuclear accord with world powers.

The next batch of United States sanctions on Iran, due to come into force in November, target Iran's lucrative oil industry and energy sector.

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"This marked a useful point for us to demonstrate the absolute absurdity of the Treaty of Amity between the United States and the Islamic Republic of Iran." he said.

He said Iran's claims under the treaty were 'absurd'.

"The court denied Iran's attempt to secure broad measures to interfere with US sanctions and rightly noted Iran's history of non-compliance with its global obligations under the treaty of non-proliferation of nuclear weapons", he said.

While imposing the so-called "provisional measures", the court's president, Abdulqawi Ahmed Yusuf, stressed that the case will continue and the United States could still challenge the court's jurisdiction.

During four days of hearings in late August, Iran's lawyers accused Washington of "strangling" its economy.

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Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced on Wednesday that the United States would be terminating a 1955-era treaty of amity with Iran that regulates economic and consular ties between the two countries. The court's president, Abdulqawi Ahmed Yusuf, said that the case will continue and the USA could challenge the court's jurisdiction.

Iran's foreign ministry welcomed the court decision.

Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif called the court ruling "another failure for sanctions-addicted U.S. government and victory for rule of law".

Ahead of the decision, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said that the sanctions were a form of "psychological warfare" aimed at regime change. "He said it was imperative for other countries 'to collectively counter malign United States unilateralism" and he accused the USA of being an "outlaw regime". A more punishing round of sanctions against Iran's oil and financial sectors is scheduled to take effect November 4, and the United States is warning allies they could face secondary sanctions if they continue to do business with Iran.

Iran's President Hassan Rouhani exits following a news conference on the sidelines of the 73rd session of the United Nations General Assembly at U.N. headquarters in NY, U.S., September 26, 2018. Last month, Trump's national security advisor, John Bolton, denounced the International Criminal Court - a separate and unrelated institution based just a few kilometers (miles) away from the International Court of Justice.

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